In September 2013, the Third International Conference on Government Performance Management and Leadership was held at Waseda University, in Tokyo, under the theme “Governance, Leadership, and Performance – Accelerating Innovation in Government Performance through International Partnership.” The two-day conference, comprising six keynote speeches, a panel session, a special session, and 14 parallel sessions was attended by 197 academics, practitioners, and students from seven countries around the globe.
The main goal of the conference was to convene leading scholars and practitioners to take stock of and collectively envision current and future innovations in public sector performance management, leadership, and governance. Public and nonprofit leaders across the globe are facing a diversity of challenges today, including “managing and measuring for results,” “meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the needs and aspirations of future generations,” “building a global and local partnership and collaborating for public value,” “managing more with less,” and “being customer-driven.” These pressures have already resulted in major new initiatives, but further innovations and breakthroughs are the order of the day.
Against such a backdrop, in February 2013, the conference committee, headed by Professor Mari Kobayashi, who was subsequently appointed Commissioner of the Board of Audit, Japan, sought submission of papers illuminating long-standing themes that have an important bearing on any attempt to meet the above challenges.
- Conceptual and working models of governance that cover the normative models of social, political, and administrative perspectives to contribute to policy implementation and public service delivery for result-oriented public management;
- Conceptual and working models of “Performance Management” that go beyond measurement and operational issues, and which speak to broader concepts of accountability, civic engagement, government legitimacy, and trust;
- Research and scholarship around initiatives that integrate “management” and “leadership” innovations, rather than viewing the two concepts as inherently separate or even dichotomous; and
- Innovations grounded in and/or which promote sustainable development objectives across economic, environmental, and social dimensions.
In addition to specific topics relating to one or more dimensions of governance, leadership, and performance, the conference committee also looked for contributions that spoke to ensuring the collaborative partnership of performance management and leadership strategies, including those at the international level. The questions of interest included the following:
- Evaluation of the Current State of the Art. How well do existing governance, performance management, and leadership practices contribute to creating public value? What are some of the major limitations of such practices to making progress in this arena?
- New Innovations. What emerging new governance structures and processes, performance management, and leadership tools hold significant promise and/or have shown demonstrated success?
- Major Challenges. What are the major challenges and obstacles to the effective use of existing and new governance, performance management, and leadership practices? How do such issues as data gaps, jurisdictional complexities, and public awareness pose challenges to effective performance management? What lessons have we learned about overcoming such challenges?
- Global context. In an increasingly global and interconnected context, what are the key lessons for how performance management development objectives can be achieved? How can greater international cooperation help accelerate innovations in government performance management and leadership on a range of key issues – e.g., global health?
In the conference, the submissions were presented and discussed in 14 parallel sessions titled as follows:
Performance Measurement of Public Value
Public Governance and Leadership
Leadership and Performance Management
Performance Management through Citizen Participation
NPOs and Stakeholders
New Public Governance
Value Consensus and Participative Management
Collaborative Performance Management
Regulation and Policy in Performance Management
Performance Management by Indicators
Performance-Based Approaches to Governance
Transboundary Issues on Performance Management
Perspectives of Human Resource Management
As host and one of the co-sponsors of the conference along with Portland State University (USA), Lanzhou University (China), and the Ho Chi Minh National Academy for Politics and Public Administration (Vietnam), the Graduate School of Public Management, Waseda University, has the pleasure of publishing in this special edition of e-Waseda Public Management three outstanding contributions to the conference on the recommendation of the parallel session chairs.
Member, Conference Committee
Graduate School of Public Management