The policy of the conferral of a doctoral degree of the Graduate School of Economics, in accordance with the GSE’s Diploma Policy, is to have students “master a wide range of basic knowledge and methodologies in the field of economics and gain research capabilities that will enable them to act as independent researchers or superior skills that will allow them to actively pursue careers as advanced professionals” and to have students “be able to conduct research with strict ethics and a robust sense of responsibility.” Evaluations for the conferral of diplomas are conducted with the examination criteria of combining novelty with logical consistency, having obtained excellent research results in each major field of study, and being able contribute to the development of the relevant fields and to society. The GSE Steering Committee determines whether a candidate has passed or failed.
Examiners and Their Methods
- After the submission of a doctoral thesis and an Application for Conferral of a Doctoral Degree, the GSE Steering Committee establishes an Examination Committee.
- The Examination Committee comprises one Main Examiner and two or more Sub-Examiners. Of the Sub-Examiners, the Steering Committee ensures that at least one will be an Examination Committee member from outside GSE, including such a member not affiliated with Waseda University.
- The appointment of members to the Examination Committee is determined by the GSE Steering Committee after deliberations.
- After appointments to the Examination Committee have been determined, Examination Committee members who are affiliated with the GSE are hand-delivered a Letters of Appointment containing words to the effect of requesting that the members will “carefully read and consider the relevant doctoral thesis, evaluating its academic significance in a fair and impartial manner.” Additionally, Examination Committee members not affiliated with the GSE are sent Letters of Appointment that include the aforementioned language; they then submit signed Consent Forms.
- After the Examination Committee has been established, the public presentation of the doctoral thesis is held promptly. In general, the period from the submission of the doctoral thesis until the holding of the public presentation of the thesis shall be no longer than five weeks.
- At the public presentation, Examination Committee members conduct their examination through oral questioning, in accordance with the Examination Standards provided below.
- The public presentation and the oral examination shall be open to attendance by other faculty members and students of Waseda University and other institutions, in addition to the Examination Committee members.
- In general, a dean, head-of-department, or other faculty member with an administrative role will moderate the public presentation and oral examination.
- The Main Examiner will write an Examination Report with the results of the oral evaluation to be submitted to the GSE Steering Committee.
- The GSE Steering Committee will judge whether the concerned thesis is worthy of the conferral of a degree and will vote on whether the candidate has passed or failed.
Doctoral theses will be evaluated with the following criteria considered. However, it will be left to each specialized field of study, based on its characteristics, to add to or modify the criteria.
- The research question must have high academic value within the field of economics.
- The academic importance and placement within the wider field of the research that was conducted must be apparent.
- The research findings must combine novelty, originality, and logical consistency.
- The research findings must be such that they will lead to developments in academia and contributions to society.
- The principal section of the thesis has been published, or is at a level at which it could be published, in an international scholarly journal of some degree of standing.
Formal Requirements for Obtaining a Curriculum Doctorate
In order to obtain a curriculum doctorate from the Graduate School of Economics, the following requirements must be fulfilled.
- In principle, students must be enrolled in the Doctoral Program for 3 or more years. However, students who are recognized by the Graduate School of Economics Steering Committee as having produced outstanding research performance during their enrollment period may obtain a curriculum doctorate after being enrolled for a total of 3 or more years in the Master’s Program and the Doctoral Program. The date of completion of the Doctoral Program for people who have obtained a doctorate in such a way is the last day of the semester in which the Graduate School of Economics Steering Committee has granted this approval (March 15 or September 15). For details, refer to the article “Early Completion System.”
- Students must have received Research Guidance for 3 or more years, and passed Research Guidance.
- If a student withdraws from the Doctoral Program after having fulfilled requirements (1) and (2), the student must submit a doctoral dissertation for the final review within 3 years from the date of withdrawal (Applicable to students entering after AY2007). However students entering before AY2006 must follow the conventional standards.
- Students must pass the review of their doctoral dissertation as well as the final examination.
- From April 2015, we changed the flow of the review of a Doctoral Dissertation. If you want to know the details, please contact the GSE Office. (E-mail: [email protected])
*For information on application for a dissertation doctor, refer to the article “Dissertation Doctor“.
Flow of the Review of a Doctoral Dissertation for a Curriculum Doctorate
(1) Interim reporting session
It is necessary to obtain permission to submit the Doctoral Dissertation. Therefore applicants are required to report at the interim reporting session. The application for this session reaches acceptance at any time, and it is held within two months from submission. Please submit the documents which are shown on the list to the Graduate School of Economics Office.
List of Documents to be Submitted
(2) Application for a doctorate
Please prepare the documents which are shown on the list and submit them to the Graduate School of Economics Office.
List of Documents to be Submitted (Curriculum Doctorate)
(3) Receipt of application for a doctorate
When submission requirements are confirmed and approval is granted by the Graduate School of Economics Steering Committee, a notification regarding receipt of papers will be sent to the student.
(４) Public reporting session and Oral examination
For papers that are submitted to the actual review and that are approved by the Graduate School of Economics Steering Committee, a notification of receipt of the dissertation will be sent to the student. This final review consists of an oral examination given to the student applying for a doctorate. After the oral examination, a final judgment is made by the Graduate School of Economics Steering Committee regarding whether to grant the student a doctorate, and a notification of the results is then sent to the student.
Early Completion System
As an exception to the number of years that a student must be enrolled in the Doctoral Program, it is sufficient for only students who are recognized by the Graduate School of Economics Steering Committee as having produced outstanding research performance* to be enrolled for a total of 3 or more years in the Master’s Program and the Doctoral Program. If a student submits his/her doctoral dissertation, and it is decided by the Graduate School of Economics Steering Committee based on the results of a review of his/her doctoral dissertation that the student will be granted a doctorate, the date of completion of the program will be the last day of the nearest semester (March 15 or September 15).
Conditions for students eligible for early completion
Please refer to the article below “Special exceptions to compositional requirements for papers” . Students are admitted with superior research achievements and become target of “Early Completion System” if it applies to conditions written in 1 to 4.
Timing for Submitting the Doctoral Dissertation
Normally, submission of the doctoral dissertation is accepted starting in the third year that a student is enrolled in the program. Students who wish to complete the program at the end of their third year must submit their dissertation by the submission deadline (the day that classes in the second semester commence every year). (If you are a student eligible for early completion of the program, refer to the article “Early Completion System”.)
Copyrights for the Doctoral Dissertation
- If a paper that is part of your doctoral dissertation has already been included in a journal, etc., submit written consent that proves that you have obtained permission to include the paper in your dissertation from the publisher or academic society issuing the journal. However, the submission of written consent is not necessary for papers published in Waseda Keizaigaku Kenkyu, which is published by the Graduate School of Economics, or in Waseda Seiji Keizaigaku Zasshi (Waseda Journal of Political Science and Economics), which is published by the Waseda University Society of Political Science and Economics.
- If including a joint paper in your doctoral dissertation, submit a written consent of agreement (designated form) that proves that you have obtained permission from the coauthor(s) in order to include the paper in your dissertation.
- If applying in the form of a book, the Graduate School of Economics will not be concerned even when coordination with the publisher becomes necessary due to revisions based on requests for corrections after the preliminary review.
Standards for Submitting the Doctoral Dissertation for a Curriculum Doctorate
Papers for applying for a curriculum doctorate must fulfill the following requirements.
- Either Japanese or English is selected as the language used.
- Three or more papers published in peer-reviewed journals (Refer to the article “Special exceptions to compositional requirements for papers” below, regarding special exceptions.)
*Peer-reviewed journals include Waseda Keizaigaku Kenkyu (Waseda Economic Studies) and Waseda Seiji Keizaigaku Zasshi (Waseda Journal of Political Science and Economics).
*Students admitted to the Doctoral Program in or after the 2003 academic year are subject to formal application. (However, students who were admitted earlier must conform to the above rule.)
- Submission format
In principle, both the main text and outline should be written in a horizontal style on A4 paper (within 3,000 characters for Japanese or 1,500 words for English).
Special exceptions to compositional requirements for papers
Special exceptions are applicable if students meet all of the requirements 1. to 4. below.
- For students who have had a paper published, their paper must be published in a peer-reviewed, international scholarly journal that is ranked high in published journal rankings (using The Japanese Economic Review as a reference standard, journals that are ranked higher than The Japanese Economic Review).
- For research areas that do not have an international scholarly journal, the above standard is applied with regard to peer-reviewed Japanese scholarly journals.
- The steering committee of the Graduate School of Economics has recognized that the candidate has satisfied the standards laid out in 1. and 2..
- Papers other than those conforming to conditions 1. or 2. are required to be published but are acceptable regardless of the form of publication. Working papers or presentations at conferences (including collaborative research and joint papers) are acceptable.
Review for Students Applying for a Dissertation Doctor
The standards for submitting a dissertation for students applying for a dissertation doctor conform to those for submitting a dissertation for students applying for a curriculum doctorate.
- Dissertations must be written in either Japanese or English.
- Three or more publications published in peer-reviewed journals. (Please refer to the article “Special exceptions to compositional requirements for papers”.） *Peer-reviewed journals also include Waseda Keizaigaku Kenkyu and Waseda Seiji Keizaigaku Zasshi (Waseda Journal of Political Science and Economics).
- In principle, the overview should be created using word processing software on A4 paper (within 3,000 characters for Japanese or 1,500 words for English).
Please prepare the documents which are shown on the list and submit them to the Graduate School of Economics Office.
List of Documents to be Submitted (Dissertation Doctor)
With the exception of the addition of confirmation of the learning specified in Article 16, Item 1, of the Degree Rules as indicated below, the review method is the same as that that for a doctoral dissertation submitted when applying for a curriculum doctorate. <A. Confirmation of Learning>
- Confirmation of the learning specified in Article 16, Item 1, of the Degree Rules is carried out by the committee for confirming scholarly attainment, in the form of questions regarding relevant subjects and a foreign language.
- The types, scope, etc., of relevant subjects are decided on by the Graduate School of Economics Steering Committee on a case-by-case basis. However, the number of subjects is 2 or less.
- Students will be examined on 1 foreign language, which is decided on a case-by-case basis by the Graduate School of Economics Steering Committee, making allowance for the applicant’s request and the research field pertaining to the doctoral dissertation.
- The foreign language examination may be substituted by examination questions relating to scholarly attainment, such as the introduction of literature and the translation of the relevant foreign language.
- If the applicant is a supervisor at a university and oversees or has overseen the foreign language or relevant courses subject to the confirmation of learning, he/she may be exempt from questions pertaining to the applicable course or foreign language based on submitting documents that prove that he/she is or has taught the applicable course or foreign language.
<B. Judgment of Dissertations> Judgment will take place as described in (9. Flow of the Review of a Doctoral Dissertation for a Curriculum Doctorate).
Screening fees for those who apply for a doctoral degree of a dissertation doctor are shown below. These are applied to the screening of dissertations received by Waseda University after April 1, 2010.
Full-time Waseda faculty or staff