Graduate School of Public ManagementWaseda University

Research and Other Activities

Bulletins and Academic Papers

E-Waseda Public Management

e-WPM (E-Waseda Public Management) is an e-bulletin for public management students, researchers, and practitioners to present their achievements and results.

The goal of the Graduate School of Public Management is to embody education and study to bridge between theory and practice, and to nourish and turn out highly skilled professionals. For this purpose, our graduate school, with regards to specific policy fields and general societal issues and with the hopes that we can raise the level of public management studies by enthusiastically performing research aimed at solving or improving such policies and issues, has been publishing one issue per year of the “E-Waseda Public Management” since 2008 as a place to present the achievements and results of practitioners and students in the field of public management. Excluding requested articles, the requirements for submissions are that they be written by graduate students currently enrolled at this institute, research students, a former graduates, or full-time instructors (including former full-time instructors). Joint submissions are also possible.

Graduate School of Public Management

October 1, 2008
Dean of Graduate School of Public Management Koichiro Agata

After 2-3 years of planning on the part of this graduate school, as the dean of this institution I am extremely pleased to announce the realization of our e-bulletin, the “E-Waseda Public Management”. This bulletin represents a vital chance to present the achievements of public management practitioners and those students who aspire to a career in the same, and it is my deepest hope that it can assist in encouraging and developing various debates regarding public management.

I would like to take this opportunity to express my own opinion on the writing of articles to those young researchers and practitioners who hope to contribute to this bulletin in the hopes that it may be of some future use to them. In general, it is said that a paper’s originality must have a minimum of three dimensions to it. The first is originality in how it reviews prior research on the subject, the second is originality in how it presents information, and the final dimension is originality in approach. The first step is to examine and organize all of the prior research that has been done concerning the issue and to ascertain where the opportunities for new research on the subject may lie. Accurately identifying these is both the first step in writing the paper, as well as an important method of evaluating the paper when it is completed.

Next, with this as a foundation, it is a question of how and in what quantity to present this new information as well as how the aforementioned information is to be acquired. In particular, since the Internet has made it vastly easier than before to access information, it is this originality that will be the key to developing your paper. Furthermore the originality of your approach in how you view this new problem and the logic and research methods you apply in examining it are ultimately the most important issue. As for myself, I personally place the greatest importance on the ability to reveal problems.

Although nothing would be better than for all three of these points to be original, papers like that are not the kind of thing that can be accomplished so easily. However, if you always keep these points in mind and aim for them when writing your paper, I am confident that your research will advance as you steadily accumulate the kind of work in which one or two of these goals were reached.

Finally, as a person who champions the study of public management, stressing the above three points is significant in terms of bringing the results of our research into closer interaction with the real world and using them to improve our reality. It is precisely the presentation of research results aimed at improving specific policies or general societal problems that is the goal of this graduate school. My fervent hope is that this bulletin will be filled with this kind of articles that have an impact on the real world, and that can help, however slightly, to improve the standard of public management research.

Under Construction



Page Setup:

・ The paper shall be written entirely in English language.

・  The paper must have between 4,000 and 8,000 words;

must be limited to 20 pages including text, figures, references, and appendices.

・ Page format A4; Text margins: top – 3.5 cm; bellow – 3.0 cm; left – 3.0 cm; right – 3.0 cm.

・ The text will be written in single-column format, single line spacing.

・Final submission should not contain page numbers.


Paper Structure and Formatting Details:

1. TITLE OF THE PAPER (centered, Times New Roman, bold, 14)

2. The first name and the surname of the author (centered, Times New Roman, bold, 12)

3. Affiliation (centered, Times New Roman, bold, 12)

4. Abstract (left adjusted, Times New Roman, 10.5)  * No more than 250 words.

5. Key words (centered, Times New Roman, 10.5) * Three to six key words.

6. Paper content (Times New Roman, 10.5)

7. References (endnotes) (Times New Roman, 9)
Submission of Paper:

・ All papers must be submitted via email, enclosed as an Adobe Acrobat PDF format (.pdf) .

・ Fill in your email body text with following information:

1. Title of the paper

2. The first name and the surname of the author

3.  Affiliation

4.  Abstract of the paper

5. Contact information of the author (phone number, email address)

6. Contact information of your thesis director (Name, phone number, email address)

・ Email your paper to:  [email protected]

* You should NOT send a hard paper copy of your paper via postal mail.


Author’s Warranty:

・ The Graduate School of Public Management, Waseda University, will have the right to publish the submitted paper in the “E-Waseda Public Management”  ( and the “DSpace at Waseda University”  (

・ Copyright of the paper belongs to the author.

・ The paper submitted for the ” E-Waseda Public Management ” must be original and has not been submitted for any other publications or published elsewhere.

・ The author cannot use nor submit the verbatim manuscipt that has been published in the ” E-Waseda Public Management ” in other publications.



All references (including figures and tables) should be listed to show where they are used in the paper.

References should include the following information;

・Book: Name of the auther(s), Title, Name of Publication, Year and Month of Publication

・Paper: Name of the auther(s), Name of the coauthers, Title, Name of Publication, Volume, Page,Year and Month of Publication

・News Paper: Name of the press, date(d/m/y), morning edition or evening edition



・Please keep it in mind to use plain words in order to make readers who is not familiar with the field understand easily.

・If you have some questions, ask the research supervisors.


In September 2013, the Third International Conference on Government Performance Management and Leadership was held at Waseda University, in Tokyo, under the theme “Governance, Leadership, and Performance – Accelerating Innovation in Government Performance through International Partnership.” The two-day conference, comprising six keynote speeches, a panel session, a special session, and 14 parallel sessions was attended by 197 academics, practitioners, and students from seven countries around the globe.

The main goal of the conference was to convene leading scholars and practitioners to take stock of and collectively envision current and future innovations in public sector performance management, leadership, and governance. Public and nonprofit leaders across the globe are facing a diversity of challenges today, including “managing and measuring for results,” “meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the needs and aspirations of future generations,” “building a global and local partnership and collaborating for public value,” “managing more with less,” and “being customer-driven.”  These pressures have already resulted in major new initiatives, but further innovations and breakthroughs are the order of the day.

Against such a backdrop, in February 2013, the conference committee, headed by Professor Mari Kobayashi, who was subsequently appointed Commissioner of the Board of Audit, Japan, sought submission of papers illuminating long-standing themes that have an important bearing on any attempt to meet the above challenges.

They included:

  1. Conceptual and working models of governance that cover the normative models of social, political, and administrative perspectives to contribute to policy implementation and public service delivery for result-oriented public management;
  2. Conceptual and working models of “Performance Management” that go beyond measurement and operational issues, and which speak to broader concepts of accountability, civic engagement, government legitimacy, and trust;
  3. Research and scholarship around initiatives that integrate “management” and “leadership” innovations, rather than viewing the two concepts as inherently separate or even dichotomous; and
  4. Innovations grounded in and/or which promote sustainable development objectives across economic, environmental, and social dimensions.

In addition to specific topics relating to one or more dimensions of governance, leadership, and performance, the conference committee also looked for contributions that spoke to ensuring the collaborative partnership of performance management and leadership strategies, including those at the international level. The questions of interest included the following:

  1. Evaluation of the Current State of the Art. How well do existing governance, performance management, and leadership practices contribute to creating public value? What are some of the major limitations of such practices to making progress in this arena?
  2. New Innovations. What emerging new governance structures and processes, performance management, and leadership tools hold significant promise and/or have shown demonstrated success?
  3. Major Challenges. What are the major challenges and obstacles to the effective use of existing and new governance, performance management, and leadership practices? How do such issues as data gaps, jurisdictional complexities, and public awareness pose challenges to effective performance management? What lessons have we learned about overcoming such challenges?
  4. Global context. In an increasingly global and interconnected context, what are the key lessons for how performance management development objectives can be achieved? How can greater international cooperation help accelerate innovations in government performance management and leadership on a range of key issues – e.g., global health?

In the conference, the submissions were presented and discussed in 14 parallel sessions titled as follows:
Performance Measurement of Public Value
Public Governance and Leadership
Leadership and Performance Management
Performance Management through Citizen Participation
NPOs and Stakeholders
New Public Governance
Value Consensus and Participative Management
Collaborative Performance Management
Regulation and Policy in Performance Management
Performance Management by Indicators
Performance-Based Approaches to Governance
Transboundary Issues on Performance Management
Perspectives of Human Resource Management

As host and one of the co-sponsors of the conference along with Portland State University (USA), Lanzhou University (China), and the Ho Chi Minh National Academy for Politics and Public Administration (Vietnam), the Graduate School of Public Management, Waseda University, has the pleasure of publishing in this special edition of e-Waseda Public Management three outstanding contributions to the conference on the recommendation of the parallel session chairs.

Hisao Tsukamoto
Member, Conference Committee
Associate Dean
Graduate School of Public Management
Waseda University

“E-Waseda Public Management” can be received through Waseda University Repository.

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