報告テーマ:Narratives, Experience and Practices: Deciphering Identity Construction among the New-comer Chinese in Japan
It has been over three decades since the onset of contemporary migration from China to Japan. Chinese immigrants have become the number one foreign resident community in Japan. Over one third of resident Chinese are either naturalized citizens or permanent residents. However, the Chinese in Japan do not consider themselves “immigrants.” Instead, an identity label of“New Overseas Chinese” is widely circulated in the Chinese immigrant media and everyday discourse in Japan. In accordance to this “foreign” identity, Chinese immigrants also prefer permanent residency over naturalization.
My research seeks to explore the mechanisms involved in shaping Chinese immigrant identity in Japan and immigrants’ choice of partial membership in Japanese society. In this presentation, using social psychological theories about identity construction, I look at three mechanisms: national narratives, migration experience and their roles and practices in Japan’s economy. I describe how and why the “New Overseas Chinese” identity and Chinese immigrants’desires to remain partial members of Japanese society are in congruence with a transnational vision of life possibilities.
Such desires and visions are shaped by the social and cultural contexts of Japan as the immigrant receiving country as well as their relations with the home country China.
Moreover, such identity constructs and transnational outlooks are supported by the expanding transnational economy between Japan and China.