Presenter:Tomoko Akami (Senior Lecturer, Australian National University / WIAPS Exchange Researcher)
Presentation Theme:'The idea of inter-imperialism as one constitutive element of internationalism of the inter-war period: through the case study of tropical medicine, the Rockefeller Foundation and the League of Nations Health Organization, 1913–39' / 戦間期国際主義の内在的要因としての『帝国際主義』という概念：熱帯医学、ロックフェラー財団、国際連盟保健機関のケースから、１９１３−１９３９':
It is an orthodox view of IR that modern international relations have been based on the units of the relatively equal nation-states. The English School's notion of the International Society indeed is based on this so-called 'Westphalia model', and most analyses of international organisations assume this basic framework. This is also the case for the scholarship of history of international organisations, which has begun to emerge as a strong sub-field of international history. I have argued elsewhere that this framework, however, did not work in the areas beyond North Atlantic (Western Europe and North America) even after the Wilsonian principle of self-determination became a norm. This was because most empires continued to govern their colonies and territories, and they continued to represent both their metropolitan nations and their colonies and territories at most international organizations with a few exceptions of British white colonies and India. In this paper, I propose the notion of inter-imperialism as a constitutive element of internationalism in the first half of the twentieth century, and especially internationalism of the League, through the case study of the networks of tropical medicine specialists in Asia and beyond.