Ring Bibliography on the Ancient Egyptian Quarry (and related material)UPDATED

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Copyright (C) Institute of Egyptology, Waseda Univeristy
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(First drafted: 15 February 2000)
(Last revised: 15 September 2002)

Shaw, I.: "Quarries and Mines", in D. B. Redford ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt 3 (Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 2001)

Aston, B. G.; Harrell, J. A. and Shaw, I.: "Inorganic Materials: Stone", in P. T. Nicholson and I. Shaw eds.: Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology (Cambridge 2000), pp. 5-77.

Klemm, Dietrich D. and Rosemarie: Steine und Steinbrueche im alten Aegypten (Berlin 1993).

Harrell, J. A.: "Ancient Egyptian Limestone Quarries: A Petrological Anaylsis", in Archaeometry 34, 2 (1992): pp. 195-211.

Harrell, J. A.: "An Inventory of Ancient Egyptian Quarries", in Newsletter of the American Research Center in Egypt 146 (1989), pp. 1-7.

Arnold, Dieter: Building in Egypt; Pharaonic Stone Masonry (New York and Oxford 1991), pp. 27-40.

Clarke, Somers and R. Engelbach: Ancient Egyptian Masonry: The Building Craft (London 1930).

Petrie, W. M. F.: Egyptian Architecture (London 1938), p. 26.

Nishimoto, S., Yoshimura, Y. and Kondo, J. 'Hieratic Inscriptions from the Quarry at Qurna: an interim Report', British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan (BMSAES) 1 (January 2002), 20-31.

Vergnieux, Robert: Recherches sur les monuments thebains d'Amenhotep IV a l'aide d'outils informatiques; Methodes et resultats. 2 vols. Cahiers de la Societe d'Egyptologie, Geneve vol. 4 (Geneve 1999).

Vergnieux, Robert et Gondran, Michel: Amenophis IV et les pierres du soleil: Akhenaton retrouve (Paris 1997).

Petrie, W. M. F.: Qurneh. British School of Archaeology in Egypt 16 (London 1909), pp. 5-16.

Bickel, S.: "Tore Amenophis' III.", in Horst Jaritz ed.: Untersuchungen im Totentempel des Merenptah in Theben III; Tore und andere wiederverwendete Bauteile Amenophis' III. Beitraege zur Aegyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde 16 (Stuttgart 1997), pp. 15-35.

Schmitz, Bettina: Die Steine der Pharaonen; Vom Steinbruch zum Kunstwerk (Hildesheim 1985).

Klemm, Dietrich und Rosemarie Klemm: "Herkunftbestimmung altaegyptischen Steinmaterials", in Studien zur Altaegyptischen Kultur 7 (1979), pp. 103-140.

Klemm, Rosemarie: "Steine und Steinbrueche der Aegypter", in Geowissenschaften in Unserer Zeit 4:1 (1986), pp. 11-18.

Klemm, Rosemarie und Dietrich Klemm: Die Steine der Pharaonen. Staatliche Sammlung Aegyptischer Kunst (Muenchen1981).

Goedicke, Hans. "Some Remarks on Stone Quarrying in the Egyptian Middle Kingdom", in Journal of American Research Center in Egypt 3 (1964), pp. 43-50.

Zuber, Antoine. "Techniques du travail des pierres dures dans l'ancienne Egypte", in Techniques et Civilisations 5:5 (St. Germain en Laye, 1956), 161-180 et 5:6 (1956), pp. 195-215.

Shaw, Ian and Paul Nicholson: "Stone and Quarrying", in British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt (London 1995), pp. 279-280.

Shaw, Ian: "Pharaonic Quarrying and Mining; Settlement and Procurement in Egypt's Marginal Regions", in Antiquity 68 (1994), pp. 108-119.

Hermann, A.: "Steine und Steinbrueche der alten Aegypter. Die Umschau", in Wissenschaft und Technik 49, 9 (1949), pp. 271-274.

Seyfried, K. -J.: Beitraege zu den Expedition des Mittleren Reiches in die Ost-Wueste (Hildesheim 1981).

Charlton, Nial: "The Tura Caves", in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 64 (1978), p. 128.

Gorelick, Leonard and A. John Gwinnett: "Ancient Egyptian Stone-Drilling; An Experimental Perspective on a Scholarly Disagreement", in Expedition 25, 3 (1983), pp. 40-47.

Gwinnett, A. John and Leonard Gorelick: "Did the Ancient Egyptians Use Fixed Cutting Points for Drilling? A Scholarly Dispute Resolved", in American Journal of Archaeology 87 (1983), p. 237.

Midant-Reynes, Beatrix: "Oasis de Dakhla. Balat le Silex de l'Ayne-Asil", in Bulletin de l'Institut Francais d'Archeologie Orientale 34 (1998).

Roeder, J. "Zur Steinbruchgeschichte der Rosengranits von Assuan", in AA (1965), pp. 467-552.

Stocks, D. A.: "Ancient Factory Mass-Production Techniques. Indications of Large-Scale Stone Bead Manufacture During the Egyptian New Kingdom", in Antiquity 63 (1989), pp. 526-531.

Heizer, R. F. et al.: "The Colossi of Memnon Revisited", Science 182, pp. 1219-1225.

Various Stones:
De Putter, Thierry et Karlshausen, Christina: Les Pierres utilisees dans la sculpture et l'architecture de l'Egypte pharaonique: Guide pratique illustr (Bruxelles 1992).

Lucas, A. and J. Harris: Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries (London 1962, 4th ed.), p. 54.

Lucas, Alfred. "Obsidian", in Annales du Service des Antiquites de l'Egypte 47 (1947), pp. 113-123.

Goyon, Georges: "Un procede de travail du granit par l'action thermique chez les anciens egyptiens", in Revue d'Egyptologie 28 (1976), pp. 76-86.

Little, O. H.: "Preliminary Report on Some Geological Specimens from the "Chephren Diorite" Quarries, Western Desert", Annales du Service des Antiquites de l'Egypte 33 (1933): pp. 75-80.

Ancient names of the stones and architectural elements:
Harris, J. R.: Lexicographical Studies in Ancient Egyptian Minerals. Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut fuer Orientforschung, Veroefentlichung Nr. 54 (Berlin 1961).

Spencer, Patricia: The Egyptian Temple: A Lexicographical Study (London 1984).

Excavating column and obelisk:
Engelbach, R. "An Experiment on the Accuracy of Shaping of a Monolithic Column of Circular Section of the Vth Dynasty from Abusir", in Annales du Service des Antiquites de l'Egypte 28 (1928): pp. 144-152.

Isler, M.: "Obelisk", in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 73 (1987), pp. 137-147.

R. Engelbach: The Aswan Obelisk, with Some Remarks on the Ancient Engineering (Cairo 1922).

R. Engelbach: The Problem of the Obelisks; From a Study of the Unfinished Obelisk at Aswan (New York 1923).

Excavating rock tombs, quarry marks, work organization:
Cerny, J.: A Community of Workmen at Thebes in the Ramesside Period (Le Caire 1973), pp. 99-103.

Cerny, J.: The Valley of the Kings (Le Caire 1973), pp. 20-21.

Eyre, C. J.: "Work and the Organization of Work in the New Kingdom", in M. A. Powell ed.: Labor in the Ancient Near East. American Oriental Series 68 (New Haven 1987).

Eyre, C. J.: Employment and Labour Relations in the Theban Necropolis in the Ramesside Period. Dissertation, The Queen's College, Oxford (1980).

Valbelle, Dominique; Les ouvriers de la tombe: Deir el-Medineh a l'epoque ramesside (Le Caire 1985)

Ventura, Raphael: Living in a City of the Dead: A Selection of Topographical and Administrative Terms in the Documents of the Theban Necropolis. Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 69 (Freiburg 1986).

Keller, C. A.: "Work Organization in the 18th Dynasty Royal Tombs: Some Chronological Considerations", in Sixth International Congress of Egyptologists, Abstracts of Papers (Turin 1991), pp. 252-253.

Simpson, W. K.: "Bauwesen", in Lexikon der Aegyptologie 1 (Wiesbaden), pp. 668-672.

Arnold, Felix: The Control Notes and Team Marks. The South Cemeteries of Lisht II (New York 1990), pp. 19-21.

Clarke, S.: Archaeologia 55 (1896), pp. 22-32.

Simpson, William Kelly: Papyrus Reisner I; The Records of a Building Project in the Reign of Sesostris I (Boston 1963).

Mackay, E.: "The Cutting and Preparation of Tomb-Chapels in the Theban Necropolis", in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 7 (1921), pp. 154-168.

Bruyere, M. B.: Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir el-Medineh (Le Caire 1926), pp. 12-14.

Hornung, E.: Das Grab des Haremhab im Tal der Koenige (Bern 1971), pp. 32-37.

Arnold, D.: "Grabbau", in Lexikon der Aegyptologie II (Wiesbaden 1977), pp. 847-851.

Eigner, D.: Die Monumentalen Grabbauten der Spaet zeit in der thebanischen Nekropole (Wien 1984), pp. 81-86.

Mueller, M.: "Zum Workverfahren an thebanischen GrabwŠnden des Neuen Reiches", in Studien der Altaegyptischen Kultur 13 (1986), pp. 145-165.

Dodson, A.: Egyptian Rock-cut Tombs, Shire Egyptology 14 (Buckinghamshire 1991), pp. 56-59.

Arnold, D.: Building in Egypt (New York 1991), pp. 211-218.

Arnold, D.: "Felsgrabbau", in Lexikon der Aegyptischen Baukunst (Zuerich 1994), pp. 79-80.

Fabian, Z. I.: "Graffiti in TT32", in Studia Aegyptiaca XIV (Budapest 1992), pp. 137-156.

Legon, J. A. R.: "Nbj-rod Measures in the Tomb of Senenmut", in Goetinger Miszellen 143 (1994), pp. 97-104.

Loik, E.: Das Laengenmasssystem im alten Aegypten (Hamburg 1993)

Simon, C.: "Le nbi et le canon de proportions", in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 79 (1993), pp. 157-177.

Hayes, W. C.: Ostraka and Name Stones from the Tomb of Sen-mut (no. 71) at Thebes (New York 1942), p. 21.

Ventura, R.: "A Largest Project for a Royal Tomb in the Valley of the Kings", in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 74 (1988), pp. 137-156.

Preisigke, Friedrich und Spiegelberg, Wilhelm: Aegyptische und griechische Inschriften und Graffiti aus den Steinbruechen des Gebel Silsile (Oberaegypten) (Strassburg 1915).

De Morgan, J.: Les carrires de ptolŽma•s. MŽmoires publiŽs par les membres de la Mission ArchŽologique Franaise au Caire (MMAF), sous la direction de M. U. Bouriant. Tome huitime, 3e fascicule (Paris 1894).

Quarries outside Egypt, stones in general:
Forbes, R. J.: Ancient Geology; Ancient Mining and Quarrying; Ancient Mining Techniques. Studies in Ancient Technology, Volume VII (Leiden 1963).

Waelkens, Marc; Herz, Norman; Moens, Luc eds.: Ancient Stones: Quarrying, Trade and Provenance. Interdisciplinary Studies on Stones and Stone Technology in Europe and Near East from the Prehistoric to the Early Christian Period. Acta Archaeologica Lovaniensia Monographiae 4 (Leuven 1992).

Herz, N. and M. Waelkens eds.: Classical Marble; Geochemistry, Technology, Trade (Nato ASI Serirs, Series E: applied sciences, vol. 153, 1988).

Ward-Perkins, John Bryan: Marble in Antiquity: Collected Papers of J. B. Ward-Perkins. Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome No. 6 (London 1992).

Bessac, Jean-Claude ed.: La pierre en gaule narbonnaise et les carrieres du bois des Lens (Nimes): histoire, archeologie, ethnographie, et techniques. Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplementary Series No. 16 (Ann Arbor 1996).

Fant, J. C. ed.: Ancient Marble Quarrying and Trade (Papers from a colloquium held at the annual meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, San Antonio, Texas, December 1986) (British Archaeological Reports, Oxford, S453, 1988).

Fant, J. C.: Cavum Antrum Phrygiae. The Organization and Operations of the Roman Imperial Marble Quarries in Phrygia (British Archaeological Reports, Oxford, S482, 1989).

Fant, J. C.: "Ideology, Gift and Trade; A Distribution Model for the Roman Imperial Marbls", in The Inscribed Economy, ed. by W. V. Harris (Ann Arbor1993), pp. 145-70.

Hill, B. H.: "The older Parthenon", American Journal of Archaeology 16 (1912), p. 556.

Korres, M.: "The Geological Factor in Ancient Greek Architecture", in The Engineering Geology of Ancient Works, Monuments and Historical Sites, ed. by P. G. Marinos and G. C. Koukis (Rotterdam 1988), pp. 1779-93.

Langdon, M. K.: "Hymettiana II: An Ancient Quarry on Mt. Hymettos", American Journal of Archaeology 92 (1988), pp. 75-83.

Mannoni, L. and T.: Marble: The History of a Culture (New York 1985).

Randall, J. H. Jr.: "The Erechtheum Workmen", American Journal of Archaeology57 (1953), pp. 199-209.

Sodini-Lambraki-Kozelj: "Les Carrires de marbre d'Aliki ˆ l'Žpoque palŽochrŽtienne", ƒtudes Thasiennes9 (Paris 1980), pp. 81-143.

Tarr, L.: The History of the Carriage (New York 1969)

Wiseman, J.: "An Unfinished Colossus on Mt. Penteli", American Journal of Archaeology 72 (1968), pp. 75-76.

Theodore Pena, J.: "P.Giss.69; Evidence for the Supplying of Stone Transport Operations in Roman Egypt and the Production of Fifty-foot Monolithic Column Shafts", in "Journal of Roman Archaeology" 2 (1989), pp. 126-132.

Dodge, Hazel: "Ancient Marble Studies; Recent Research", in Journal of Roman Archaeology 4 (1991), pp. 28-50 (book review).

Peacock, D. P. S.: "Roman Stones", in Journal of Roman Archaeology 7 (1994), pp. 361-363 (book review).

Korres, Manolis: The Stones of the Partenon (Los Angeles 2000. Based on the first part of "From Pentelicon to the Partenon", published by Melissa Publishing House in 1995).

Asgari, N.: "Roman and Early Byzantine Marble Quarries of Proconnesos", 10th International Congress of Classical Archaeology (Ankara 1978), pp. 467-480.

Bundgaard, J. A.: The Excavation of the Athenian Acropolis (Copenhagen 1974)

Burford, A.: The Greek Temple Builders at Epidauros (Liverpool 1969)

Burford, A.: "Heavy Transport in Classical Greece", The Economic History Review 13 (1960), pp. 1-18.

Coulton, J. J.: Greek Architects at Work (London 1977).

Dinsmoor, W. B.: The Architecture of Ancient Greece (London 1950. 3rd ed.)

Dolci, E.:Carrara, cave antike (Carrara 1980)

Durm, J.: Die Baukunst der Griechen (Leiptiz 1910)

Dworakowska, A.: Quarries in Ancient Greece (Wroclaw 1975)

Ruprechtsberger, Erwin M.: Vom Steinbruch zum Jupitertempel von Heliopolis / Baalbek (Libanon) (Linz 1999).

Huff, Dietrich: "Iranische Steinbruchtechniken", in Ralf-B. Wartke ed.: Handwerk und Technologie im Alten Orient; Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Technik im Altertum. Internationale Tagung Berlin 12.-15. Maerz 1991 (Mainz 1994), pp. 31-36.

Protzen, J. -P.: Scientific American (February 1986), pp. 80-88.

Protzen, J. -P.: Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 44 (1985), pp. 173-177.

Hourihane, Colum: The Mason and His Mark: Masons' Marks in the Medieval Irish Archbishoprics of Cashel and Dublin. BAR (British Archaeological Reports) British Series 294 (Oxford 2000)

Publications on the quarry in Japanese:
Takei and Nakayama: Ishi to Kenchiku (Stones and Architecture) (Kashima-Publishers, Tokyo 1992.

Return to the Quarries in Ancient Egypt

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