I. Adaptation and Integration

    II. Intellectual Continuities

   III. Old World Community

    IV. New World Influences

   V. Activities and Undertakings


Preliminary Notes

    I. Adaptation and Integration

Chapter 12 



   :Business Activities  Setting Up the Routine of Everyday Life

   :Civic Integration

  The War Effort

   :Reaction to the War   Economic Warfare

   :Austrian Economists to the Fore

   :Schutz and the Federal Reserve System

   :Schutz and the Board of Economic Warfare

  Intellectual Distance

   :Academic Integration   :Scholarly Non-Integration

   :The European Tradition: Refuge and Contribution

   :Import and Immigration    :Academic Life from a Distance

   :Scholar at Night


Chapter 13 Difficulty of Scholarly Integration: Encounter with Parsons

  A First Exposition of Schutz's Approach

   :Schutz into English  :"A New Approach"  The Missing Follow-Up

  In Search of Scholarly Contacts

   :Willingness and Preconditions

  Encounter with Parsons

    :Talcott Parsons  :Parsons Comes into Schutz's Field of Vision

    :Rationality Not Action: A Delayed Discussion

    :Failure of a Discussion  The Relative Importance of the Vehicle

    :The Missing Dialogue

  Fiasko of a Scholarly Discussion

    :Schutz's Essay on Parsons   Parsons' Response

    :Schutz Answer Parsons   Mutual Frustration

  Subjective and Objective Factors of the Failure of a Discussion

    :Personality Factors   Moving in Opposite Directions

    :Parsons and Weber   No Permanent Hostility

     Schutz and Parsons' Later Work  :The Fate of an Essay



Chapter 14 Scholarly Acceptance: Successful Collaboration in Philosophical Endeavor

  First Philosophical Contacts

   :Marvin Farber   The Husserl Memorial Volume

  The International Phenomenological Society

   :Establishment of the Society

   :Framework of the American Philosophical Association

   :Schutz and the Philosophical Association   The Next Years

   :Buffalo and Louvain   Organized Phenomenology in Europe

  Philosophy and Phenomenological Research

   :A Major Source   :Launching a Journal   Farber as Editor

   :Schutz as Co-Editor

  Schutz and Farber

   :Rare Personal Contacts   :Philosophy: Technical Cooperation

   :Scholarly Respect

  Politics and Tensions

   :Philosophical Issues  :Editorial Policies

   :Russian Articles in Translation   A Conflict

    :Space Allocations   Farber and Schutz  Concluding Remark



 II. Intellectual Continuities

     The Sociological Heritage

     Bergsonian Support

     Philosophers in Conjunction

     Husserlian Anchorage

     Schutz and Husserl: Delimitation and Critique

     The Problem of Intersubjectivity

     A Personal and a Philosophical Relationship


Chapter 15 Fundamental Continuities: The European Heritage in the American Setting

        A: The Sociological Heritage

  Max Weber

   :Confirmation of Weber  :Subjective and Objective Interpretation

   :Methodological Points  :Wertfreiheit

  Other German Sociologists

   :Wilhelm Dithey  :Georg Simmel

  Max Scheler

   :Scheler's Place  The Essays on Scheler

   :Appraisal of Scheler's Philosophy

  French Sociologist

   :Emile Durkheim  The Durkheimians


         B: The Philosophical Heritage

  A Wide Historical Range

   :Greek Philosophers  :The Stoics and Skeptics

   :Medieval Thoughts  Rene Descartes  :Gottfried W. Leibniz

   :Immanuel Kant  Soren Kierkegaard

    :Other Earlier European Philosophers  :Concluding Remark



Chapter 16 Fundamental Continuities: Bergsonian Support

        A: Limits of a Contribution

  Bergson in Focus

   :Bergson References   Reconfirmations  :Bergson: Originator

   :Theory of Choice  Toward the Critique of Bergson

  Santayana versus Bergson

   :Target: Bergson  :Santayana versus Bergson

  Kallen's Critique of Bergson

   :James not Bergson   James, Bergson, and Kallen

  Schutz and the Critique of Bergson

   :Vicarious Critique  Schutz to the Defense

   :A Schutzian Critique of Santayana  :Recognition of Kallen

   :A Schutzian Critique of Kallen

  Concluding Remarks


       B: Philosophers in Conjunction

  The Collective Foundation Beneath an Individual's Philosophy

   :Schutz in and on Philosophical Configurations

   :Two Philosophical Sources and Others   :Bergson Plus

   :Husserl and Bergson   Confluence



Intermediary Notes: Husserl in Schutz's American Work [Summary of Chaps 17-20]

  The Sources and the Problem

   :Husserl's Literature   Husserl References

   :The Areas of Exposition

  Husserl in Schutz's Perspective

    :Schutz among Phenomenologists  Responsibilities and Limitations


Chapter 17 Fundamental Continuities: Husserlian Anchorage


   :Natural Stance   :Life-world in Central Focus

  Working and Practical Intelligence

   :The Social World of Working  :Life-World Cognition

  Generalization and Typification

   :Classification  :Typification by Husserl

    Typification by Schutz

  Theory of Systematic Reasoning and Science

   :The First Exploration of the Origins of Logic

   :A Second Exploration of the Origins of logic

   :Husserl on the Origins of Geometry

   :Science in the Krisis Studies   Social Science by Schutz

   :Social Science out of Husserl



Chapter 18 Schutz and Husserl: Delimitation and Critique

        A: Limits of Acceptance

  The 'Structure' of Phenomenology

   :Husserl's Body of Philosophy

   :Husserl's Phenomenologies and their Interlinkage   Delimination

  The Eidetic Sphere

   :Eidetic Investigation  Empirical and Eidetic Science

   :Empirical and Eidetic Psychology


       B: Critique

  Dual Approach

   :Double-Barreled Criticism

        (1) Corrective Criticism

   :The Sphere of Experience  :Experience of Choosing and of Time

   :Phenomenological Method : Typification: A Postponed Rediscussion

        (2) Basic Disagreement


   :The Parts and the Whole of Husserl's Philosophy

   :Transcendentalism Phenomenology

  Critique of the Baseline

   :From Doubt to Suspension   :Critical Distantiation

   :A Weakness of the Baseline

  Critique of Eidetics

   :Operational Concepts

   :Intentionality: Construction of Meaning or Construction of Objects

   :Eidos and Typification

  Critique of Egology

   :Husserl's Early Egology   Reaction and Continuation

  Critique of Transcendentalism

   :Trans-Subjectivity in the Social Realm

   :Trans-Subjectivity in the Philosophical Realm   Metaphysics

   :An Anti-Anthropological Paper

    Ingarden's Confirmation of Schutz's Critique

  Conclusion to Chap.18



Chapter 19 The Problem of Intersubjectivity

   :Introductory Remark   :On the Use of the Term: Problem

   :On the Use of the Term: Intersubjectivity

   :Intersubjectivity as Problem of transcendental Phenomenology

   :Husserl's Pursuit of the Problem


        A: Intersubjectivity: Conception into Problem

  Schutz and Husserl's Conceptions of Intersubjectivity

    :Preoccupation of a Quarter-of-a-Century

  1940: A Matter of Dialectic Balance

  1942: The First Critical Move: From the Critique of Scheler to the

Critique of Husserl

  1945: Intermediary Remainders

  1948: The Second Critical Move: The Critique of Sartre and Husserl's

            Theory of the Other

  1952: Two Critiques: Right and Wrong 

1953: Response to Idea II

   :Pessimism and Anger   Rejection and Acceptance


        B: Intersubjectivity: Problem into Attack

  The Rayaumont Paper

   :Essay upon Invitation

   :1957: The Third Critical Move: Frontal Assault on Husserl

  The Royaumont Discussion

   :Three Comments and Three Replies  :Ingarden

   :An Interchange: Fink and Schutz


        C: Intersubjectivity: The Late Efforts

  Ortega y Gasset

   :Ortega  :Schutz and Ortega   Man and People

   :Ortega and Schutz   Response by Schutz

  A Last Critical Advance of Theory

   :Hic Egregie Progressus Sum

   :The Social Dimension of the Inner-Horizonal Structure and its Relevances

   :The Inner-Horizonal Time-Dimension of the Future and its Relevances

   :The Outer Horizon of Sociality

   :The Historical Dimension of Social Life

   :Revision of the Theory of Relevances

  1958: The Last Critique of Husserl: Voiding the Idealization of Everyday Life?

   :"And So Forth"


        D: Mundane Intersubjectivity

  Intersubjectivity in Everyday Experience

   :The Primacy of Mundane Experience

   :The Issue: Mundane Intersubjectivity

   :A Theory of Intersubjectivity for the Social Sciences

   :The General Thesis of the Alter Ego   :Additional Aspects


        E: The Puzzle of a Theoretical Failure

  Comments in Retrospect

   :The Puzzle of Internal Coherence

   :Partial Bracketing of the Natural Stance?



Chapter 20 A Personal and Philosophical Relationship

  Personal Loyalty and Willing Recognition

    Respect and Esteem   Defense of Husserl

   :Continuous Recognition of Husserl's Contributions

  The Critical Pursuit of Phenomenology

   :System or MethodNo Phenomenological Orthodoxy

   :A Critical Phenomenologist